What are Psychostimulants, and how do they affect the brain long-term

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PSYCHOSTIMULANTS: WHAT ARE THEY?

Psychostimulants are also commonly known as stimulants and consist mainly of amphetamines and methylphenidates. Generally psychostimulants are used in an attempt to induce a temporary improvement in functions of the physical and mental senses of the human body.

 

WHAT ARE THE SIDE EFFECTS OF PSYCHOSTIMULANTS?

There are many different, and often extremely risky, side effects of psychostimulants, which include the following:

 

*Increased amounts of aggression

*Abdominal pain

Modafinil4*Angina, which is a form of sudden pains in the chest

*Anorexia

*Changes in blood pressure and pulse

*Blurry vision

*Depression

*Dizziness

*Drowsiness

*Dry mouth

*Fever

*Hallucinations

*Headaches

*Heart palpitations and/or heart failure

*Hypersensitivity

*Increased amounts of irritibility

*Insomnia

*Increased risk of developing Tourette’s syndrome

*Liver issues

*Loss of appetite

*Changes in mood and/or mental state

*Nausea

*Nervousness

*Psychosis

*Restlessness

*Seizures

*Stomach pains

*Stunted growth

*Suicidal thoughts

*Heart irregularity

*Toxic psychosis

*Increased amounts of fatigue

*Vomiting

*Violent behavior

*Weight loss

*Potential dependency on psychostimulants

WHAT ARE PSYCHOSTIMULANTS USED FOR?

Psychostimulants are used for helping to treat various disorders, most notably Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, otherwise known as ADHD, which can help greatly improve overall levels of concentration. Psychostimulants can also be used to help treat issues involving depression. In addition to these, psychostimulants can also be used to help with the following:

 

*Keeping issues such as fatigue and lethargy at bay while taking part in any kind of physical activities

*Reducing overall sleepiness and treating narcolepsy

*Treating obesity and decreasing appetite to help promote general weight loss

*Relieving nasal congestion

*Helping to quit smoking

*Helping to relieve bad headaches

*Reversing various sexual-type dysfunctions

 

USER REVIEWS OF PSYCHOSTIMULANTS

Many individuals who have resorted to having to use psychostimulants for any of the aforementioned reasons have stated that they have greatly helped them overcome these issues. However, the biggest side effect they have had situations with involves a potential dependency developing with the substances. It is common knowledge that abuse of psychostimulants can lead to a multitude of issues, up to, and including, death.

 

WHAT ARE THE NORMAL PSYCHOSTIMULANT DOSAGE AMOUNTS?

The dosage amounts of psychostimulants depends on the particular substance being taken, as well as how serious the issue involved may be. In addition, the dosage amount also depends on the strength of the psychostimulant medication that has been prescribed. For example, in terms of someone who suffers from ADHD, the maximum daily dosage amount of someone who has been prescribed the most generic form of Adderal is 40MG. On the other hand, someone who may have been prescribed a generic form of Desoxyn can only take a maximum dosage amount of 25MG per day. If you or someone you know is currently taking a psychostimulant, it is highly recommended that you consult with your doctor and obtain their professional medical opinion regarding what your maximum dosage amount should be.

USE OF PSYCHOSTIMULANTS IN THE WORKPLACE

As with practically every other form of prescription drug, most workplaces require a doctor’s certificate before employees can obtain permission to take a psychostimulant while on the job. Oftentimes, some employees will resort to taking them before going in to work. However, these substances have also been known to greatly improve the behavior and abilities of an employee, provided they are not abusing the medication.

 

WHY IS THE POPULARITY OF PSYCHOSTIMULANTS INCREASING SO MUCH?

Perhaps the biggest reason that the popularity of psychostimulants is increasing so much is that many individuals who take them are able to experience many of the long-term benefits that the substances offer. For instance, many people who take psychostimulants as prescribed are able to see an increase in such things as alertness and concentration, which helps them essentially become much more successful on a daily basis whether they are at school or on the job. Another reason for the popularity of psychostimulants comes from those who are looking to lose weight. As previously mentioned, one of the side effects of taking psychostimulants involves suppressing one’s appetite, thereby facilitating weight loss.

 

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF TAKING PSYCHOSTIMULANTS?

While psychostimulants certainly have their negative aspects, they also contain many different benefits for those who rely on taking them every day. These benefits include the following:

 

*Improvement in concentration and/or alertness

*Improvement in overall mental outlook

*Decreased amounts of fatigue

*Improvement in overall well-being

 

WHAT ARE THE LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF PSYCHOSTIMULANTS?

It should be noted that psychostimulants are not designed to completely heal or cure an issue that an individual may be experiencing. However, there are some long-term effects of psychostimulants that people should be aware of before considering consulting with their doctor regarding whether or not they should taken them. These long-term effects include the following:

 

*Permanent damage to the blood vessels of the brain and heart

*High blood pressure that can potentially lead to heart attacks, strokes, and even death

*Damage to the liver, lungs, and kidneys

*Breathing problems

*Weight loss and/or malnutrition

*Disorientation

*Exhaustion

*Potentially strong dependence on psychostimulants (as previously mentioned)

*Depression

*Psychosis

*Brain damage

 

WHAT ARE THE SHORT-TERM EFFECTS OF PSYCHOSTIMULANTS?

As psychostimulants have their long-term effects, they also have their short-term effects as well. In fact, there are almost as many short-term effects as there are long-term ones, and they include the following:

 

*Suppression of appetite

*Increased heart rate

*Increased blood pressure

*Increased body temperature

*Dilation of the pupils of the eyes

*Disturbance in normal sleep patterns

*Feelings of nausea

*Behavior that can be violent, bizarre, or erratic in nature

*Hallucinations

*Hyperexcitability

*Irritibility

*Panic

*Psychosis

*Convulsions, seizures, and death (if psychostimulants are taken in high dosages)

 

FINAL THOUGHTS

All in all, while psychostimulants certainly have their benefits in terms of helping many people overcome various types of mental health issues, it is also important to be aware of the many different risks that are often associated with these substances. It is the opinion of many people that if one doctor recommends the prescription of any kind of psychostimulant, it is extremely important to obtain a second opinion. By obtaining a second opinion, you are likely to make a more informed decision as to whether or not psychostimulants are truly the best form of treatment for you or your loved one. In terms of children, unless psychostimulants are absolutely the only measure of hope for them to be relieved of issues involving disorders such as ADHD and depression, parents may want to look into other alternatives to help improve their childrens’ concentration, such as a tutor or even a licensed psychiatrist. It’s understandable that there are some parents who do not want to resort to prescription drugs to help their children, and this is a decision that should ultimately be respected rather than criticized.