How to Use Adderall?

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How to Use Adderall?

What is Adderall



Adderall is defined as a combination of two stimulant medicines composed of amphetamine salts which is usually used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.Typically,it is composed of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine.

Adderall Dosage

Adderall dosage is administered depending on two main factors; age and the kind of disorder or problem.

Adult Dosage with Narcolepsy.

Tablets-Immediate dose-10mg per day taken orally in the morning. For maintenance, there will be an increment of 10mg every week i.e 1st dosage after waking up and then 1 or 2 at 4 to 6 hours interval will be added.


Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), they are prescribed 20mg on daily basis as dosage.

Normal Adderall Dosage for ADHD based on Age of the patient

This drug is not recommended to children below the age of 3 years old. That’s why the age bracket in the prescription below ranges from 3 years ad above.

3-5 years- 2.5 mg per day orally in the morning hours after waking up and an increase of 2.5g per week for Extended Release.

6 years- 5mg daily upon waking up and an increment of 5mg,weekly interval for maintenance.

6-12 years-5-10 mg every day through the mouth upon waking up for Immediate Release and the increasing the dosage by 5-10 mg per week for Extended Release.


13-17 years-10mg every day orally .The dosage will be increased to 20 gm per day for maintenance


l It is used as most effective treatment for ADHD disorder where all other stimulants have failed or simply as a last resort.

l It increases one’s mental activity thus making them to very active.

l It helps in concentration.

l It improves ones cognitive and brain retention power thus commonly abused by college students.

l It facilitates weight reduction especially for people with obesity. from obesity


Side Effects

How to Use Adderalll  Weight loss

l Lack of appetite

l Stomache

l Headache

l Abrupt mood changes

l Dry mouth

l Dizziness

l Nervousness

l Increased heart rate

l Insomnia

Use for ADHD

Adderall is usually used as in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) due to its stimulating effect on the brain of people with this disorder.


It works by stimulating the brain thus controlling nerve impulses in the brain. The resultant stimulating effect on the brain helps to regulate behavior and attention of an individual with ADHD. It affects the working and behavior of neurotransmitters in the brain’s Central Nervous Sytem.

Adderall is approved for use among children between the age 3 years and above. It is commonly used as a last resort used when all other stimulants have not been successful or when the condition requires a more effective drug for treatment. Its excellent combination of dextroaphentmine and amphetamine salts makes it work better than other stimulants.

Adderall works by controlling the symptoms of ADHD such as hyperactivity, impulsivity and lack of attention. By stimulating the brain, the two drugs Aderall is composed of help to improve an individuals’ behavior within a shortly after being administered a dosage of Adderall.

Legal Status

Adderall is designated Schedule II (US) under the US Controlled Substance Act; Prescribed Only

What does Aderall feel like

Aderall has that characteristic of making the user to have a feeling of a bad taste in the mouth after taking the tablet orally. This persistent bad feeling tends to persist no matter what one eats in an attempt to get rid of it.

The same thing tends to affect the breath of the user making him to have an awful breath with bad oduor.

If amphetamines, a composition of Adderall are expelled through sweat, it gives a bad odor

How to use Adderall

l Oraly- Adderall is orally administred by simply swallowing it in the mouth. It is mainly taken early in the morning upon waking up.The doctor gives presice prescriptions depending on age and condition.

Two commonly ways of using the drug are Immedate and Extended Release Release. Immediate Release usually efers to the initial dosage that you start with while Extended Release refers to subsequent dosge for maintenance purposes.

l Intravenous-Adderall is given through an injection

l Insufflated-Adderall is put into powder form and then blown into the body cavities of the patient or the user.

Adderall Vs Retalin


They are all brain stimulants

They both work by increasing the transmission of impulses though the CNS and subsequently leading to enhanced the brain activity of norepinephrine and dopamine.

They both have same side effects to the user or the patient which include loss of appetite, dry mouth, increased heart rate, dizziness and lack of sleep.

All can be found in both long acting and short acting formulations.

Both are used in the treatment of ADHD.

They are both available in similar forms as tablets and extended release capsules

They can both be taken orally i.e through the mouth.

Both drugs are not prescribed for pregnancy because they may pose a danger to the unborn.



l Adderall is manufactured by Shire Pharmaceuticals while Retalin is manufacture by Norvatis.

l They differ in trade names i.e Adderall & Retalin are different trademarks.

l The dependency liability of Adderall is higher compared to Ritalin

l The withdrawal symptoms of Adderall include tiredness, lack of sleep, irritability and depression while those of Retalin slightly varies e.g irritabiliy,worsening of ADHD symptoms temporarily and psychosis.

l Adderall incredients is a mixture of two amphetamine salts while Retalin is made of Methilphenidate as the ingredient

Adderall Research

Research has proven that Adderall ,a combination of dextaamphentamine and amphentmine,is a great brain stimulant drug. It speeds up brain impulses which help to control behavior of a person l pre-eminently those with ADHD.

Research has also shown that Adderall is being used by other people other than the ones it is prescribed for i.e those with ADHD. Most University student are using it to help them in their studies by improving their concentration and generally enhance their cognitive power.

Research has also proven is use among the youth has increased tremendously .They take it to remain active and alert. It aid in their socialization with friends.


Research shows that Adderall has an impact in weight reduction.

Adderall research has shown that many executive are using the drug to help them in strategic key decision making because of its ability to stimulate the cognitive power of the brain.

Despite the fact that prescription of this drug is limited to specific people with DHDP, research has proven that indeed the drug is addictive. For this reason, anybody who tries to take might find it difficult stop due to its addictive effect.

Adderall History

Aderall brought into production for the first time in the name of Obetrol. The original form of Adderall tablet was a multi-dose tablet that was specifically designed to release its contents.

Some years later, Teva Pharmaceuticals drug company bought the rights of the present Adderall from Sire Pharmaceuticals. It then released the drug in the market for the very first time.


Aderall Vs Provigil


l They both same a because they were approved for medical use around the same period in 1990s ie 1996 and 1998

l They are both used in the treatment of condition narcolepsy condition.

l They are both powerful in conditions in which they treat. For example, provigil is best at enhancing vigilance. Similarly, Adderall is considered to be the most effective treatment for ADHD

l Both drugs are being used by students to improve the brain working capacity especially among students in the universities and top ranking business executives.

l They both impact similar hormones in the body. Provigil affects histamine and dopamine. Adderall mainly imapacts dopamine and norepinephraine.


Provigil is eugeroic whereas Adderall is a psychostimulant.

Provigil is approved to be used for treating sleeping disorder, especially daytime sleeping while Adderall is approved to be used for treating ADHD.

Provigil ingredients are modafinil while Adderall ingredients is composed of stimulant medicines such as dextroamphetamine at 75% and lavoamphetamine at 25%. They are both amphetamine salts.

Dosage for the two drugs differ. Provigil dosage tends to be a bit higher while that of Adderall is limited in amount and is given in different ways i.e. Immediate and Extended Release . There is an initial dosage and an increment for maintenance.This is not the case with provigil.

Provigil is manufactured by Cephanol Inc. while Adderall is manufactured by Shire Pharmaceuticals.

As regards to legal status, Provigil belongs to Schedule IV in the US while Adderall belongs to Schedule II in the US.

In terms of how they work, provigil functions by inhibiting the reuptake of dopamine and increasing the action of histamine level in the brain hypothalamus whereas Adderall works by increasing the levels and inhibiting the reuptake of stimulatory neurotrsnmitters like neropinephrine and dopamine.

Provigil’s half life is 12hours.Adderall half life is 11 to 13 hours.


Provigil’s effect lasts for 6 to 8 hours whereas that of Adderall lasts 4 to 6 hours for immediate release and 12 hours for extended release

In terms of year of approval,Provigil was approved for use in 1998 while Adderall was approved in 1996.

Final thoughts

The exceptional ability of Aderall to impact on brain function is quite evident. It stimulates the brain by speeding up nerve impulses which has the overall effect of changing the behavior of the user. Indeed going by the way it works, it is the most effective treatment for ADHD. It should therefore be restricted to its intended and approved use or else people may begin to abuse the drug. When you compare Adderall with Relatin and Provigil, it still stands out as the best and most effective in treatment. It is such a powerful drug


Adrafinil Uses

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Adrafinil Uses

What Is It?


Adrafinil is a prodrug, meaning it is metabolized into a pharmacologically active Modafinil inside the body, and is considered a Nootropic, a supplement ingested for its effects on the brain, which serves to promote wakefulness and attention and to expel extreme sleepiness. It is also used to avoid fatigue and to stay alert and awake for extended periods of time by off label users. When taken, Adrafinil needs time to metabolize to levels active in the bloodstream, and when administered orally on an empty stomach effects can be felt forty five minutes to an hour afterword.


The recommended daily allowance of Adrafinil is between 150 and 350 milligrams, though it is suggested that new users begin with a lower dosage until experience and knowledge are gained on the way it affects personal body chemistry. A dosing cycle is recommended when using Adrafinil as to lower the risk of potentially harmful side effects and to keep the compound as effective as possible. It is also recommended that the daily dosage of Adrafinil is split into two to three separate administrations.



Adrafinil helps to promote overall energy which allows for enhanced motivation, greater ambition, and higher productivity. The culmination of energy provided may make Adrafinil an effective supplement for people dealing with mood disorders and mild social anxiety and introversion. Clinically, Adrafinil has most commonly been used to assist patients dealing with sleep disorders such as narcolepsy and extreme daytime drowsiness as well as sleep apnea as the compound has been shown to restore a normal level of sleep patterns among users.

Side Effects


liverBecause of the metabolization process of Adrafinil in the liver there is the possibility that the compound could add strain on the body including increases in the production of certain enzymes that may lead to some side effects such as: Stevens-Johnson syndrome, fever, blistering skin, stomach discomfort, rashes, breathing difficulties, diarrhea, headaches, nausea, and nervousness. Some risk of high blood pressure and heart problems may also exist, especially when taking higher doses of the compound, though Adrafinil is considered safe for occasional usage as long as the recommended dosage is not exceeded.

Long Term Use

Adrafinil is not recommended for long term use as studies have indicated a higher risk of liver toxicity resulting in the metabolization process in which Adrafinil is broken down inside of the body to produce Modafinil. One case study also associated Adrafinil with the development of orofacial dyskinesia without tremors or other Parkinson’s symptoms.

Short Term Use


Adrafinil is acceptable for short term use as long as the recommended dose is not exceeded and usually produces little to none of the known side effects in short term users, though side effects such as loss of appetite, dizziness, nausea, and anxiety may present themselves in short term use, it is not currently known if these effects may become chronic, as not enough research has been done. Short term use for remedying sleep schedule, controlling sleep disorders, and boosting brain cognition should be closely watched to know how Adrafinil will affect personal body chemistry.



Adrafinil research suggests that despite the known long term effects to the liver and the possible semi-harmful short term effects that the compound is a successful treatment for a multitude of cognitive issues. Clinical technicians have reported users of the compound experiencing a more dramatic increase in stamina, attention, and energy as well as increasing a general sense of well-being, enhanced excitement and pleasure, and reduction of stress. Though the possible short term negative effects of Adrafinil have been documented, a long enough period of time has not passed for valuable research into long term effects to have taken place.



Originally discovered by the French pharmaceutical company Lafon in the 1970s, Adrafinil was marketed under the name Olmifon until 2011, when production of Olmifon was discontinued by Cephalon, the most current manufacturer. Adrafinil, under the Olmifon name, was initially prescribed throughout Europe for a range of sleep disorders among patients. Though Cephalon has discontinued production of the compound, there are currently many online sources marketing generic Adrafinil powder.

Effects On Focus

Adrafinil has been shown time and time again by clinical research and the experience of users to greatly increase mental alertness and focus without the risk of jitters and over stimulation. Adrafinil is known to increase Hypocretin in the brain, a neurotransmitter associated with controlling wakefulness and alertness. Higher levels of Hypocretin are known to increase dopamine, histamine, and norepinephrine, the latter of which is closely related to adrenaline, to increase focus and cognitive ability while keeping the user relaxed and away from the risk of over stimulation.

How Long Does It Last?


A 300mg does of Adrafinil lasts up to ten hours, and it is not suggested that the compound be used for at least five hours before bed as to not cause insomnia. As with all pharmaceuticals though, the full time of effect largely depends on consumption levels of the compound and how regulated Adrafinil is inside the users system and many first time users report feeling the effects of Adrafinil for as long as 15 hours after initial ingestion. Peak level of the compound usually reaches the bloodstream 2-4 hours after administration.

Is It Legal?


In the United States Adrafinil, unlike its metabolized state Modafinil, is not currently regulated and is not classified as a controlled substance. Possession and private importation by citizens is legal. Canada’s stance on Adrafinil is much the same, with the compound being legally purchasable as a research chemical. However, in 2004 Adrafinil and the active metabolite Modafinil were added to the list of prohibited substances for competing athletes by the World Anti-Doping Agency.

Final Thought


Though the little research done into the long term effects of Adrafinil have shown a possibility of liver toxicity and the possible short term effects may affect users negatively, Adrafinil has been proven as a reliever of many sleep and mood disorders, as well as a very prominent energy and focus promoter. Though use of Adrafinil should be limited to short term use not exceeding the recommended one time dosage with some sort of dosing schedule in effect, Adrafinil can be sparingly used as a successful remedy to many cognitive ailments with little worry about the risks of possible negative side effects.


Adrafinil Safety

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Adrafinil Safety

Adrafinil is a wakefulness-promoting drug that is usually used to relieve a user of excessive sleepiness and lack of attention. At times, Adrafinil is used off-label by those who wish to keep fatigue away like those who work at night or those who have to be awake for longer hours than usual. Ideally, it is a prodrug or if you may call it, a precursor to Modafinil; meaning that, it has to be metabolized in the body for it to produce Modafinil. Adrafinil belongs to the Nootropic family of drugs which are usually considered to be eugeroic which are known to increase wake fullness during the day, promote alertness, affect your moods in a positive way and keep your energy levels high.


Initially, Adrafinil was used to treat narcolepsy but, it is no longer used for this purpose anymore due to medical reasons. At that time, the standard dosage was between 600 to 1200mg. for the purpose of promoting wakefulness; Adrafinil is not to be taken in the olmifon stuffafternoons and in the evenings as this kind of supplementation often impairs your sleep and sleeping pattern. It should only be taken three times a week as a maximum and not for more than five months. Since Adrafinil is one of the most powerful Nootropics you can get, its recommended daily dosage is between 150 to 300mg. as a first user, it is advisable to first start with a small dose as you progress to give your body enough time to adjust to the drug and its effect.

Long term use of Adrafinil is not recommended by specialists as your body may not be able to handle its effects. Rather, it should be taken for some weeks then go some weeks off the drug and this way, your body will not build up too much tolerance against the drug. For anyone planning to use the drug for the long term, they should first consult with their doctors.


When looking at the benefits of Adrafinil, there are two categories from which to consider. The first category is where the drug acts as a general stimulant. As mentioned before, it is a wakefulness promoting agent and in addition to that, it gives you more energy, increases your stamina and increases attention. This makes it an ideal prescription to people with serious sleep problems like sleep apnea. It has also become a suitable prescription to those who work at night like the truck drivers, nurses doctors and even students who need some extra hours to study for the exams. As a supplement, it is also known to increase motivation, productivity and drive to work even more. In some people, it helps them have a better sense of well-being, reduce stress and enhance pleasure or excitement. This lasts for about 45-60 minutes if taken orally on an empty stomach.

The other category of its benefits is where Adrafinil possesses certain cognitive benefits like improved learning capacity and better memory. Some users have reported an increase in the speed of their thoughts and faster recall speed. This benefit is usually manifested in users having faster reaction in verbal and written communication in that; they know what to say immediately. Fundamentally, this drug makes mental work less exhausting to reduce the stress you feel when you work for a long period of time. It improves your focus on the task at hand so that you don’t get distracted easily by the surrounding.

Adrafinil Side Effects

The few side effects associated with the drug range from severe to mild ones in nature. It is normal to experience nausea, dizziness, headaches and stomach discomfort when you take Adrafinil. These side effects can be said to be normal as you may report the same side effects when taking any other drug that strong. Using the drug over a long period of time may lead to more adverse reactions like impairing the liver function. This is due to enzymes that build up in the liver. Therefore, when using the drug, it is important to have your liver monitored often to ensure that it does not get damaged. However, if you are in perfect health and you take Adrafinil in the right dosage for the short term, you should not experience this problem.

History And Research

Late in the 1970s, a group of Scientists working with Lafon, a French pharmaceutical company discovered Adrafinil. It was offered as an experiment to treat narcolepsy in 1986 in France. Later, after research, Modafinil, Adrafinil’s primary metabolite was developed by Lafon. In the year 2001, Cephalon acquired Lafon.

Legal Status

At the moment, Adrafinil is unregulated and can be purchased by citizens in the United States, Canada and New Zealand. Other countries across Europe as still deliberating on the issue but it is all a matter of time before its use spills across other countries in the world. However, Adrafinil together with Modafinil were added to the long list of substances that athletes taking part in competitions should not use. Its use is considered doping for athletes.

Final Verdict

Generally, Adrafinil is clinically tested and proved to be of great benefits for those who feel like they need that bit of extra energy to make it through a busy schedule. It gives a user extra energy and motivation to work, improves your memory and ability to focus on a task. If used in the proper dosage and for the short term it will have the desired impact on a user. It is therefore recommended to those with sleep problems and to those who wish to reduce fatigue.

Adrafinil Dangers

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Adrafinil Dangers

Most people who are researching Adrafinil are interested in the benefits of it as a stimulant drug to help them focus for work or school, while other people have learned about it because they have a medical condition like Narcolepsy. So what exactly is Adrafinil? In this article, we’ll explore this question and give you some insight if it’s something you can benefit by using.

What is Adrafinil?

Adrafinil is a stimulant that helps people stay awake basically. It was discovered in the late 1970’s by the pharmaceutical company Group Lafon by French scientists. It was offered in France for the first time in 1986 as an experimental medication to combat Nacolepsy. The French product called Olmifon is what Adrafinil was sold as from France until September 2011, when it was discontinued by Group Lafon who was then called Cephalon. It was discontinued because of the adverse side affects which outweighed the benefits. We’ll talk about some of those benefits and side affects later in this article.

Before we discuss the availability, benefits, and side affects – let me try and explain a little more exactly what this “Best Selling Nootropic” does in the body. Modafinil is the metabolic substance in Adrafinil and is sold as a separate drug with different regulations in different countries. Basically, Adrafinil is taken either by powder or the more common way by pills, and then goes into the liver where it is metabolized into Modafinil. Therefor Adrafinil takes about an hour to take effect when Modafinil takes less time, yet both have the same pharmacological effects in the end. So, to give you a clear understanding, Adrafinil comes in a powder or pill and should be taken in doses of about 100mg (no more than 300mg), and then this Nootropic drug goes into the liver and metabolizes into Modafinil which then goes into the bloodstream and acts as a stimulant.

molecularAdrafinil is usually only available on-line, although in some countries it can be found in some local drug stores as over the counter drugs. Every country has different policies and laws concerning the availability and regulation (or not) of Adrafinil. Some countries may require a prescription for it like Australia, and some may allow you to import small personal use amounts (like 3 months worth) from another country, but not allow it to be sold in their country, like the U.K.. In America, Adrafinil is an unregulated substance that can be imported in small quantities or bought in local herb shops and natural health stores over the counter (if they carry it). Adrafinil is not an approved FDA substance, but it’s still unregulated so a person can buy it, although most stores are generally not going to carry it. Check into the laws and regulations in your country to be sure you can import it or use it without being an outlaw.


The benefits of using Adrafinil is basically to stay awake and (some may say) to stay more focused. It’s not a proven fact that it makes people smart or focused, but by removing drowsiness and sleepiness a person would naturally become more focused and alert to their task, resulting in a more productive and sharper result with their task. Students, truck drivers, graveyard shift workers all may be interested in using Adrafinil because of these benefits. The cost of Adrafinil compared to Modafinil is considerably less (more like $50 with shipping compared to maybe $400 for Modafinil which is generally only a prescription drug), so this is a strong benefit of using Adrafinil as well.

Additional benefits of using Adrafinil are said to be an increased speed of learning and decreased errors in tasks. It’s advertised as a powerful supplement and one of the most powerful Nootropics on the market used to maintain mental focus.

So, for the person who is has medical conditions like Narcolepsy, the student or worker that wants to stay awake to be productive, or the person who is looking simply to enhance their mental focus to give them an edge over their competitors, then Adrafinil may just give them the benefits they desire. Yet, what are the side effects?

Simply put, side effects could include stomach pain, anxiety, skin irritation, raised levels of liver enzymes, shows hepatoxicity if overused, is not appropriate for long term use, is more expensive than other Nootropics, and has a longer onset of effects compared to Modafinil. To add to these people can suffer from headaches, nausea, and dizziness from using Adrafinil as well. The more serious side effects to consider involve liver issues when taking Adrafinil for long periods of time, yet this is about the same as if taking aspirin frequently over a long period of time. Another serious side effect I what is called Toxi Epidermal Necrolysis, DRESS syndrome, and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome which are all skin conditions that occur very occasionally in Adrafinil users. Adrafinil is not to be used long-term, and if used only occasionally then these side effects are lessened considerably.

Final Thoughts

Hopefully this article has given some insight to those interested in this powerful supplement. A person is going to have to weight the benefits and cons through careful consideration, and then if decide to use make sure of the laws and regulations of their country. Also, if going to use Adrafinil a person should research the testimonies of people who have used it. There are many videos and articles from people who aren’t selling it or marketing a product, which would give a potential user a more unbiased and personal view of how this substance works. Obviously, if athletes are prohibited from using this drug, then we have to conclude there is some type of advantage people gain from using it. Yet, it would be wise to consider all aspects of using Adrafinil and even consult a doctor or natural medicine specialist to get a holistic view of the benefits and cons of (you in particular) using this, as it may be right for some- when others it wouldn’t be.


Why Use Adrafinil?

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Why Use Adrafinil?

What is Adrafinil?

Adrafinil is is used to make people stay awake which the end result is enhanced performance.




It is vital to use Adrafinil as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine to know how much one needs to take. It comes with an extra information sheet called medication guide. Read it carefully and then take it by mouth with or without food. Your doctor will suggest a time of day to take it hence do not change the time of day without consulting them. In the event one forgets to take a dose, take it as soon as possible.




Adrafinil is ideal for curbing food cravings. If one was to stick to a strict workout routine and then take the supplement, it can work well achieving weight loss.



effective appetite suppressant. When it is combines with a surge in energy is produces, it can be successfully used as a diet pill to help one lose weight. People who workout have realized that it makes them to exercise even more during their workout. They are able to do exercises that are more complex. Adrafinil is also ideal in treating attention deficit disorders in children and adults more so for those who have already built up tolerance to other medications.

It is also an ideal cognitive enhancemer. Besides the fact that it is widely used in medicine, a lot of users take Adrafinil For its cognition enhancing properties. people who get tired all the time or have problems with clouded thoughts find it helpful to them. Using adrmdafinil is going to improve concentration and focus. Most users also report better reasoning skills and the ability to forge connections in their head faster. There are those who claim that it increases their mental agility and provides them with motivation to do anything they set their minds to. Additional benefits of Adrafinil includes increased confidence and enhanced mood.


Side Effects


Side effects are feeling dizzy, having a headache and problems with the tummy. There are not so common effect such as getting hives, or swelling of the tongue. In case you experience any of these, it is vital to stop using Adrafinil and seek medical attention. These are rare outcomes  which only occur in a small number of users. In most cases when one follows the required dosage, it is safe and highly unlikely to cause any bad reactions.


adrafinil powderLong-Term Use


The outcome of Adrafinil seem to be different for everyone. There are users who report that their normal sleep cycle is not affected by Adrafinil. By taking modafinil, they are not able to sleep For six to ten hours whereas with Adrafinil, They are able to sleep and wake up at regular hours.

Short-term use


Some of the short term effects are a decrease in appetite, increased respiration, hyperthermia, rush and euphoria, irregulars heartbeat, increased attention and decrease in fatigue as well as increased activity and wakefulness.




Adrafinil is gaining its popularity because of its ability to make people stay alert. It also works fine For those who sleep well but need enhanced performance. One dose is sufficient to be active for long regardless of how well one might have slept the previous night. There will be a change in regards to how efficient one becomes.





Adrafinil was uncovered by a French pharmaceutical company known as Lafon. It stimulates the central nervous system the same way coffee and soft drinks do. Its manufacturer Cephalon referred to it as Olmifon but due to the fact that They no longer manufacture it, online stores which sell the generic version call it Adrafinil.


Effects on focus


For those who are expected to work odd shifts or long periods of time, it is the right drug. Pilots and surgeons are able to perform their duties better since with their work, mental concentration is important.


How long does it last?


The effects will last quite a while but it is not ideal to abuse it to a point that one cannot function without it.




In the United States, it is legal to buy and possess. However, it is not regulated by the food and drug administration. It has not been submitted nor has it been approved by the FDA For any specific clinic uses that require a prescription.

Final thoughts


Adrafinil can only be gotten in the event one has a prescription. However there are a lot of online pharmacies that have it and hence it is easy to order it online although it is not recommended. It is vital to go the legal way and get a prescription first. There are a lot of people who come up with counterfeit drugs which can be harmful to your health. It is therefore essential to take caution from whom You are getting Adrafinil from.

Adrafinil in the United States

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Adrafinil United States

The advent of the smart drug revolution has seen multiple advances in the field of nootropics, the classification of smart drugs that use it’s subtle effects on the brain to improve concentration, focus and mental stamina. This description accurately describes Adrafinil, a chemical cousin to the popular nootropic Modafinil.

What is Adrafinil

Adrafinil is a nootropic often used by those without access or willingness to use Modafinil. A highly powerful alertness supplement it’s often used to enhance focus and concentration. An eugeroic nootropic, Adrafinil is often substituted for Modafinil because the liver converts it chemically into Modafinil in your endocrine system. As a result, effects of taking Adrafinil supplements are very similar to taking Modafinil. Unlike Modafinil, Adrafinil is not regulated in the United States and is much easier to purchase online.

Proper Dosage

Recommended dosage is 150 to 300 mg a day. Adrafinil comes in both capsule and powder form and is water soluble . Exceed this dosage has been shown to have negative side effects at unusually large levels. The best way to self administer this nootropic is to start at the lowest dosage and only increase it as your tolerance level builds. Also, cycling – three weeks on and one week off, has been shown to reduce tolerance building and negative side effects after your brain starts needing more.


The main benefits of this nootropic are mood enhancement, improved ability to learn and retain information, concentration and focus. It has been shown to prevent the breakdown of dopamine and also increases the release of serotonin. This not only generates a sense of well being, it has the added effect of facilitating increased motivation. Adrafinil may also stimulate glutamate receptors, which can improve synapse plasticity, helping with memory retention.

Those who self-administer Adrafinil report a substantial improvement cognitive ability making it a popular alternative to Adderall or other ADHD medication.

Side Effects

There are relatively mild side effects resulting from Adrafinil use, including headaches, dizziness, nausea, and upset stomach. This is often a response to using more than the recommended dosage. A Choline supplement such as Alpha GPC is often used to combat these headaches. Reducing dosages or using an alternative nootropic can help alleviate the other minor side effects.

Long Term Use

More serious effects from long term or excessive use involve liver issues. Modafanil, a powerful stimulant, in the liver, is produced Adrafinil is processed in the endocrine system. The increased liver enzymes can damage the liver over an extended period of time. This is why it’s best to not combine this drug with other stimulants like alcohol or caffeine. In most cases, the danger to the liver is equivalent to the toxicity in over-the-counter acetaminophen like Tylenol.

Short Term Use

Other risks which can occur in the short term include Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis, DRESS syndrome and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome- all various types of skin maladies. These case are only reported in a small percentage of users who may be genetically predisposed to such skin condition and are not a significant risk to the majority of users. Cycling of Adrafinil or only occasional use of it is recommended to prevent any such side effects from occurring or worsening.


Structurally similar to the bioactive metabolite Modafinil, the only difference present in Adrafinil is that terminal amide hydroxyl group of adrafinil ((diphenylmethyl)sul?nyl-2 acetohydroxamic acid)) is lacking in modafinil (diphenylmethyl)sul?nyl-2 acetamide).

molecularTaken orally, adrafinil undergoes one of two metabolic processes. The produced modafinil as a result of taking Adrafinil is metabolized to inactive modafinilic acid. It can also be metabolized to inactive modafinilic acid without being converted to modafinil. Modafinil produced from the endocrine system can also be metabolized into modafinil sulfone as a result of Adrafinil ingestion.


The drug was first discovered in the latter half of the 1970s by scientists working for Group Lafon, a French pharmaceutical company. It was made available in France in 1986 as an experimental supplement for the treatment of narcolepsy. Group Lafon later developed modafinil to market commercially. Group Lafon as later acquired by Cephalon in 2001.

Effects on focus

Adrafanil has been shown to possibly increase secretions of the neurotransmitter Hypocretin. This neurotransmitter controls alertness and feelings of being awake. Increased hypocretin levels can cause feeling of increased energy and increased production of dopamine, norepinephrine and histamine – all directly shown to affect energy levels. This is why many prefer to use Adrafinil before exercise or rigorous activity.


Generally lasting 5-7 hours, it’s best to take it in the morning when you need it to wake up and motivate you throughout the day. Only take it at night when you have an all night cram session to finish a project.

Legal Status

Adrafinil is legal to purchase, possess and use in the United States, Canada, the UK and various other European countries. The main issue with the drug is how it’s regulated. Since it’s not regulated by the FDA or another similar agencies in other countries, it’s available without a prescription.


As long as users don’t utilize this as a daily supplement over an extended period of time and use it sporadically, Adrafinil is a relatively safe and potent nootropic than is shown to definitely increase focus, motivation and concentration while improving your

What does Adrafinil Do?

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What does Adrafinil Do?

What is This?

Adrafinil is a nootropic which is used to enhance wakefulness and alertness. It is also supposed to have positive effects to mood, energy and motivation. It has similar effects to Modafinil (another nootropic) and the drug has become increasingly popular in recent years. Adrafinil is a eugeroic and it is renowned for the cognitive benefits that it produces.



Dosages of Adrafinil vary, but you should start with smaller doses initially, and build up as you become more comfortable with the drug and the effects that it has. Adrafinil is one of the more powerful nootropics on the market, so it isn’t recommended to take more than Modafinilimage29150mg per day when you start. Once experienced, you can increase this dose to up to 300mg. It isn’t advised to take Adrafinil on a regular basis so it may be wise to introduce a cycle in which you take it. For example: two weeks on, one week off. This will allow you to build up your tolerance to the drug safely.



The two main benefits of Adrafinil are increased wakefulness and alertness. The boost in attention levels and stamina makes it suitable for those who perhaps work nights, or for students who are looking to study for long periods before exams. Adrafinil can also be used to lower stress levels and make people feel better about themselves.


Side Effects

While most report positive effects from Adrafinil, there are also a few side effects which some of the drug’s takers have found. Headaches and nausea are two common side effects from Adrafinil, and others have commented that the drug makes them feel dizzy. Some have also said that long-term use has seen their liver react badly.


Long-Term Use

The advice for any drug is not to become over-dependent on it, and this also applies to Adrafinil. Over time, you may become immune to the effects of the drug and go in search of a stronger substitute to obtain the same results. A more serious complaint from long-term use of the nootropic are the adverse effects to the liver that it causes. So far, however, the evidence of this is somewhat sketchy and largely anecdotal.


Short-Term Use

Short-term use of Adrafinil will result in many of the benefits of the drug being felt – increased wakefulness and alertness, as well as heightened levels of motivation and energy. The cognitive benefits of the drug allow the user to feel more focussed and zoned in. The improved stamina and attention levels that Adrafinil gives makes it particular useful for those who suffer with sleep disorders.



Group Lafon – a French pharmaceutical company – developed the drug as a possible narcolepsy treatment, however it was cast aside in favour of Modafinil – a very similar nootropic to Adrafinil. It became clear with research that Adrafinil has more side effects (stomach pains, anxiety) than other nootropics like it.



First discovered in the 1970’s, Adrafinil is an invention from Group Lafon, a French pharmaceutical company. The drug was proposed as a treatment for narcolepsy in 1986. The drug was added to the prohibited list by the anti-doping agency WADA in 2004. The use of the drug continues to be unregulated in the USA and Canada.


Effects on Focus

Adrafinil has been reported to greatly improve focus and attention, and users often comment about how they feel “zoned in” after taking the nootropic. For students, this increased focus allows them to study intensely for hours without the need for breaks. The wakefulness and alertness properties reduce the need for sleep and keep the taker focussed.


How Long Does This Last?

Depending on how much Adrafinil you take, the duration of the effects will vary – it also may vary from user to user. The average duration of a 300mg dose of Adrafinil is around 10 hours, but it could last even longer. A smaller dose (150mg for example) is not going to last as long, but since Adrafinil is extremely powerful, you should be wary about taking too much.

Is This Legal?

Yes, Adrafinil is currently legal in the United States of America, and it can be purchased without a prescription. Because of this, Adrafinil has become a very popular nootropic.


Final Thoughts

Overall, there is a lot to like about Adrafinil. The drug has become largely popular thanks to the alertness properties that it promotes, along with the reduction in stress levels. There are side effects, so it is important to take the drug in moderation. The reports of liver issues if taken long-term are concerning so it is advisable to be cautious over taking the drug too regularly. That the drug is legal in the US makes it easy to obtain, which is a great bonus. To conclude, the benefits of this nootropic outweigh the negatives, but you just need to be a bit careful.

How Does Adrafinil Work?

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How Does Adrafinil Work?


The French company, ‘Group Lafon,’ discovered Adrafinil in the 1970s in an effort to help patients with narcolepsy. It’s a drug that keeps people awake if they suffer from sleepiness and drowsiness. The drug is not regulated in the United States as it’s not approved by the FDA. Some countries can prescribe the drug, but it’s reputation is that of a ‘party drug.’ It has been taken off the market in Europe due to it’s side effects.



The normal dosage for adrafinil used to be 600-1,200mg, which was for treating narcolepsy. To be more precise, 600mg twice daily (morning and midday) or 600-900mg taken once daily upon waking. The drug was not to be taken in the afternoon or in the evenings as it promotes wakefulness. The drug is no longer used to treat narcolepsy.

Benefits of Adrafinil

The benefits of adrafinil is it’s ability to keep people awake. It has been used by those who work long, late shifts through the night, truck drivers, those who are constantly tired and those who need help keeping awake for whatever reason. It’s reported to not cause ‘the jitters’ like other things used for keeping awake (like coffee!) It fights sleepiness without causing hyperactivity. It can help a person with attention deficits to focus, and it can also act as an anti-depressant for some people.


Side Effects of Adrafinil

Adrafinil shouldn’t be taken for long periods of time and it has been banned in many countries. It is harmful to the liver. It can also cause stomach pain, nervousness, anxiety and skin irritation. It can also cause disruption to your sleeping patterns.


Long Term Use of Adrafinil


Adrafinil should not be used for the long term. It should not be used in the afternoon or evenings so that it doesn’t hinder sleep. Long term use can cause damage to a person’s liver and other internal organs.

Short Term Use of Adrafinil


img9Short term use of adrafinil would be for narcolepsy, however it is not used for this reason anymore. Short term use to promote wakefulness is acceptable in some countries. There doesn’t seem to be any research which suggests that short term use is toxic to the body.


Research on Adrafinil

Scientists have researched adrafinil for over forty years. Some of the research shows the following:


*adrafinil is a pro-drug of the stimulant modafinil- it adapts after you take it

*adrafinil peaks about one hour after an adult ingests it, so it slowly releases

*rats who took 200 mg of the drug for three months show no signs of toxicity

*adrafinil causes liver toxicity when used for long periods of time.


History of Adrafinil

The French first discovered adrafinil in the 70s. It was an experimental drug for narcolepsy and began to be prescribed in 1986. The french later developed the drug modafonil. Modafonil has the same properties as adrafinil, however it was found to have fewer side effects. Adrafinil (later called Olmifon), was discontinued in 2001. Modafonil is better suited to people who suffer from narcolepsy. Adrafinil was banned as a substance by the World Anti-Doping Agency for competitive athletes.


Effects of Adrafinil on Focus

Adrafinil was shown to increase an individual’s alertness and ability to focus. It is now being tested to see if it has any sort of potential to help or cure Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.


How Long Does A Dosage of Adrafinil Last?


Although Adrafinil take awhile to ‘kick in’ so to speak, it actually will effect a person for a long period. Adrafinil has a long half-life. It will last up to 8 hours or more, which is why you shouldn’t ever take this drug in the afternoon or evening.


Is Adrafinil Legal?

Adrafinil is sold as a supplement by mail order and it’s not regulated in the United States. You can buy it from Canada and have it shipped to the USA and many other places in the world. The Medical Classification Committee in New Zealand believes that Adrafinil should only be available through a prescription.

Final Thoughts


Taking a drug that is not approved or regulated by the FDA can be dangerous. Long term effects of this drug have shown to cause liver damage and sleeplessness. This doesn’t sound like a supplement and it’s been added to the World Anti-Doping Agency as a stimulant. It’s being studied to be used for ADHD and ADD, and we already see the results of kids who take adderol just for the high. It sounds like Adrafinil has no business being sold as an unregulated drug, as it may do more harm than good. Perhaps they will find it useful to help treat ADD and ADHD, but until that time it should be banned from the US and Canada.



Adrafinil User Reviews

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Adrafinil User Reviews

Adrafinil is a drug that is prescribed for people suffering from narcolepsy, an ailment which makes it hard, and at times impossible for them to stay awake. It is also prescribed for any other related cases of excessive sleepiness. Adrafinil works by stimulating the brain so that it produces chemicals necessary to keep people awake. Adrafinil is also used as a smart drug to help people increase their mental activity by making them more alert, more focused and able to think faster.


Adrafinil has proved beneficial for treating diseases that cause excessive sleepiness such as narcolepsy, it is also good for treating attention deficient hyperactivity disorder. Many people working shifts have experienced the benefits of this medication as it helps them remain alert at night when they are working even if their body may be used to resting at that time. When used as a smart drug, it helps people become more alert, improves memory, creates better focus on activities and enables the brain to work faster for longer periods.


Side effects

Just like so many other drugs, there are a few side effects associated with taking the darmodrug. Most of them, however, are not considered to be serious. These include:

– Headaches

– Nausea

– Dizziness

– Flushing

– Insomnia

– Dry mouth

– Loss of appetite

– Indigestion or constipation or diarrhea

– Blurred vision

– Awareness of your heartbeat as it seems to beat faster than usual

These are the more common side effects, but it is not a guarantee that when you take it you will feel them


The recommended dosage for an adult is 2oomg which can be taken once in the morning or can be divided into 2 so that you take 100gm in the morning and 100mg in the afternoon. For older adults say above the age of 65, it is recommended that they take just 100mg per day. It is, however, important to always seek a doctor’s advice before taking Adrafinil as you may be in a category of people who should not take it or the dosage needs to be constantly monitored for example people with Kidney problem.


How does this feel?

Many people will tell you it is like you would feel after taking very strong coffee only multiply that feeling by 3 or 4 and subtract the jittery feeling. Adrafinil will first of all, make you very awake, if you were feeling sleepy and you took it, the sleep will be gone in about 15 to 30 minutes and your body will feel energized. Because more blood is being pumped to your brain, there is a sense of awareness of the increased heart rate and an awareness of the surrounding, lights, colours, details like a wall hanging being crooked will be noticeable much more. You feel happier and more interested in whatever you are doing. Also, there is a reduced desire to eat so sometimes you can go hours without having to eat anything.

Long-term use

There is still need for concrete clinical research on the long-term effects of Adrafinil. At the moment, most of what is known shows that the effects of Adrafinil will last for as long as the treatment lasts and there are no side effects or benefits once someone stops using the medication. However, some people have noted that it has slowed down the effects of aging especially on memory the same applies to Alzheimer’s patients. All the same more conclusive scientific research is needed on this.


Short-term use

The short-term use of Adrafinil is just the same as the benefits and side effects of using it. For the period that the drug is effective in the human body, there will be the usual benefits which will include wakefulness, alertness, focus and sharper clearer communication and thoughts. And the side effects will also last only or a short while.



Clinical research carried out on Adrafinil has proved that it is effective in the treatment of sleep disorders because of its properties that promote wakefulness. Despite its effectiveness in treating wakefulness, more research has shown that it has a number of unpleasant side effects.



The manufacturer of Adrafinil dates back to the 1970s in France where Adrafinil was designed by a French laboratory, Lafon Laboratories, as a treatment for narcolepsy. Adrafinil, however, had a number of side effects and took a long time to take effect which resulted in the creation of modafinil in 1986, as a more effective drug to promote wakefulness and with no side effects.

Final Thoughts

It is evident that Adrafinil is effective in the treatment of certain disorders and remains to be approved for the treatment of others. It is also evident that it can help in promoting intellectual focus and performance.


Fladrafinil Reviews

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Fladrafinil Reviews

What It Is

Fladrafinil is a drug which helps to promote wakefulness among users. It is also called fluorafinil or CRL- 40,941.It is more powerful than Adrafinil and Modafinil. It influences the cognitive ability of a person due to its effect on the brain as an enhancer. It has a brain stimulating effect.


The recommended dosage for Fladrafinil is taking a 50mg tablet 3 times in a day.


l It helps to promote wakefulness hence making the user to stay awake for a long time.

l It increase energy to the individual user thus making him active and energetic

l It helps to improve the patient’s ability to focus and concentrate especially those suffering from ADHD

l It enhances the span of attention to the user

Side Effects

l Headache

l Anxiety

l Nausea

l Nervousness

2Long term use

l To educes user’s aggression

l To improve overall user productivity

l To maintain concentration and wakefulness to the user


Short term use

l To promote wakefulness

l To aid in concentration



Research has shown that the drug promotes wakefulness to the user. It has also proved that it is more powerful than other drugs in the same category.

Furthermore, according to research, Fladrafinil is closely related to two nootropic drugs, adrafinil and modrafinil.It is the bis(p-fluoro) ring substituted derivative of Adrafinil. The fluorine substitution increases its potency by double when compared to Adrafinil.


Fladrafinil was discovered in 1970 plus other nootropic drugs. Scientists who were working in a laboratory discovered its anti-aggressive properties on rats and people. They discovered that it was 2 times more powerful than adrafinil.

Effects on focus

This drug has great effect on focus. It helps to improve the user’s focus due to its impact on the brain. This leads to an increase in the level of concentration.

How long does this last?

This depends on whether you will be taking the drug for a short time to treat a certain complication or on continuous basis. When fladrafinil is taken, its effects begin to be realized between 45-60 minutes. After this period, the user will realize a difference his focus and concentration. It will also tend to lower ones aggression by considerable level.

Is this legal?

The drug has been legalized although it is found in few countries all over the world. It is also less on the market despite its good reputation as a more powerful drug when compared to other nootropics.

Final thoughts

If there is any drug that people should be recommended to take,then fladrafinil is the best option. In the first place, it is cheap and therefore affordable. Secondly, it is more powerful than other drugs such as adrafinil that is also used to treat the same problem. It will therefore be wiser to go for the most effective one. In addition, its benefits are just overwhelming.




For instance , it increases wakefulness and concentration. This can be very useful to a college student because he will be able to concentrate on work and stay awake for long time. Its exceptional ability to reduce aggressiveness in the user is important. For this reason, it can be used to treat people with hypersensitivity problems. The use of fladrafinil should therefore be encouraged as long as it does not lead to addiction.